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Stem Cells: The New Edge of Medical Technology
Stem cells technology has been around for decades. It has been subject of ethical concerns and sanctioned (highly regulated) by the government. However, in the past few decades, it was found that umbilical derived stem cells are multi-potent (capable of forming different cell types) almost like the embryonic stem cells (ESC) derived from the inner cell mass (ICM), 5-day-old embryos. Unlike the ESC, stem cells harvested from donated umbilical cord, including the umbilical cord blood cells, amnion/placenta, umbilical cord vein or umbilical cord matrix are readily available and not subject to government regulation.
One of the characteristic of stem cells is that they renew the tissues that they populate, and throughout the body, they continue to populate (rejuvenate) and replace old dying cells. The body loses this ability to regenerate damaged tissue with advanced age.
Bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (bmMSC) have been used in the past 40 years to treat adult with bone marrow deficiency, but their capacity to expand is limited, specially bmMSC derived from adults.
Umbilical cord stem cells are mesenchymal stem cells-like cells that are robust, easily harvested, isolated and extensively expanded in culture.
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) offers a large array of alternative treatment to physicians for their patients. MSC treatment gives the body the ability to heal itself by generating new tissues and growth factors that can promote healing and recovering from injury a lot faster.
MSC can be used to treat an array of debilating conditions:
Advantages to using MSC:
Less invasive when compared to bone marrow aspiration
Less pain for the patient and much shorter procedure time
Does not use any material derived from ESC
MSC’s lack MHC-II and therefore hypo-immunogenic
Fibroblast colony forming units are significantly higher in USC
Faster population rate
Have strong anti-inflammatory effect, reducing the expression of inflammatory cytokines
High concentration of peptides, hyaluronic acid and growth factors
Increases likelihood for better patient outcomes